Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ)

These are answers to your frequently asked questions. We will keep adding to these as we get more questions from you.

  • When am I due? How do you calculate due date?

    Due date is usually calculated by adding 40 weeks to the first day of your last menstrual period. You can know your due date by using our due date calculator. Most online due date calculators assume the cycle of periods to be 28 days. Note that due date is only an approximate date, and you may go into labor a few days before or after your due date sometimes. Most pregnancies are assumed to last for 280 days

  • How many weeks pregnant am I now?

    The due date calculator calculates your pregnancy week one from the first day of your last menstrual period. So by the time you know you are pregnant, you are already 4 weeks pregnant. You can know the number of weeks you are pregnant by entering the date of your first day of your Last menstrual period here. 

  • This is my first pregnancy. I am 18 weeks pregnant, but I am still not able to feel any baby movements?

    This is a very common question asked by many of our subscribers. Every pregnancy is different and every woman is different. So, Some women may feel the baby movements soon, while others may not feel the movements till 20 to 21st week. Don't get worried, especially if it is your first pregnancy if you don't feel the movements by 16th week or 17th week. Consult your doctor and if your other parameters are fine and your ultrasound is normal, then relax. You will start feeling the baby soon. It is also the case for many women, especially the first time moms, that they may not be able to recognize the movements, which may seem like a flutter in your tummy. Soon, as the baby grows bigger, the kicks will be more pronounced and can be easily identified.

  • This is my first pregnancy. I am in my 28 weeks of pregnancy. My baby's weight in ultraosund is 1.5 kgs. Is this OK?

    Baby's weight depends on many factors. Mother's weight, Parent's physique, pregnancy nutrition, all contribute to the baby's weight. The baby usually puts on weight in the last few weeks of pregnancy. However, a steady weight gain is very important. If you see a decrease in the baby weight or baby not gaining weight int he later part of pregnancy, it is a sign of a problem. Please see the chart below and compare your baby's weight corresponding to the week of pregnancy and see if the weight falls in the green zone I.E above 25 percentile. If it is in the green zone and if the baby's weight is increasing then there is not much of concern. But always check with your doctor if everything is going well in your pregnancy and of course eat healthy and stay healthy. 

  • My doctor says my baby has a cord around its neck? Will my baby be fine? is it going to compress my baby's neck?

    Cord around the neck is a common occurrence. The umbilical chord is pretty lengthy and there are chances of baby getting it around its neck. During the second trimester, sometimes the baby may have chord around the neck in one ultrasound and by the second ultrasound, it may have come out of it. So there are chances it will get out on its own. But if it does not also there is no reason to worry. The bay is not breathing through its nose until it is born, so there is no reason for you to think that it may be getting strangled inside because it has a cord around its neck. The cord contains blood vessels which supply oxygen and nutrients to your baby through its umbilicus. Chord is also surrounded by a jelly-like substance called Wharton's jelly. Because of this, the vessels inside the chord will not get compressed easily. So unless the chord is wrapped around many times around the neck and the baby is in distress, cord around the neck is usually not a major cause for concern.

  • I am in my 6th month of pregnancy, I keep having low back pain and pain in the lower abdomen to the sides. Is this normal?

    Women in their second and third trimester complain of low back pain and sometimes pain in front of the hip bone. Low back pain could be due to the changes that occur to a woman’s body during pregnancy. During pregnancy the body produces a hormone called Relaxin  which as the name indicates helps in loosening the joints and ligaments around the pelvis in preparation for delivery. Secondly, due to the growing uterus the center of gravity of the women tends to shift forward and to compensate for this change the body tries to lean backwards and this could cause an additional strain on the back muscles. Pregnant women are described as having a waddling gait, walking like a duck, due to the extra weight that she is carrying. Abdominal muscles are also stretched during pregnancy. All this stretching could increase the pain. During the second trimester, there is also round ligament pain,(The round ligament connects the groin to the front area of the uterus) which can be a dull ache ora sharp pain in the abdomen, hip or even groin area. The reason  for this pain is because of the pressure of the additional weight that the round ligament has to endure to support a pregnant mother’s growing embryo.

  • I am in my first trimester. Can I eat pomegranate?

    Pomegranate is a rich source of Iron, folic acid and phytochemicals. This is very good for anemia and becasue it has folic acid - It can prevent birth defects like spina bifida and other neural tube defects. However, Pomegrante is also thought to promote uterine contractions. Thus it is better to eat it in moderation. 

  • I have irregular periods. Can I still get pregnant?

    Irregular periods is a sign of some hormonal problems. Irregular periods are usually seen immediately after menarche ( When you get your periods for the first time) and during before menopause. It is always better to check with your doctors to ascertain the cause. Some of the common reasons for delayed periods or irregular periods can be Stress, Obesity, unhealthy lifestyle, physical activity, PCOD, Anemia, DUB, and various hormonal problems. Changing your lifestyle and adopting a healthy diet and leading a healthy lifestyle can in sometimes make a difference. If these changes, do not seem to change, then you may need hormonal treatment. Once your periods are normal, there is no reason why you cannot get pregnant. Please consult your doctor

  • What is PCOD?

    PCOD is also called Polycystic ovarian syndrome. It is an imbalance of female sex hormones. In PCOD, the Pituitary gland may be producing abnormally high amounts of LH hormone into the bloodstream. this may cause the follicles not to mature and thus ovulation may not occur, which can lead to infertility. Some of the immature follicles may not even dissolve and remain as fluid-filled sacs. In addition, some of the women with PCOD may have high levels of insulin. Too much insulin along with the excess of LH hormone can cause the release of a male hormone called testosterone in the ovaries. Abnormally high levels of testosterone can cause inhibition of ovulation which may again lead to infertility

  • What is infertility?

    This is a very common question asked by many of our subscribers. Infertility is defined as the inability to conceive after one year of actively trying. Age of women, age at first marriage, place of residence, the standard of living, working status of women, and region are some of the variables related to the rate of infertility and childlessness. Infertility rate is high among women in urban areas.Determining the root cause of infertility is a complex process and it involves a lot of research and investigations. Ranging from the simple and visible problem of the cyst, fibroid or hormonal imbalance to a very complex genetic disorder Fortunately, for almost 20% of the couples there are a lot of reproductive procedures which could assist in helping to conceive. 

  • Waht are the male and female casues for infertility?

    The most common problems men face are low sperm count, morphology abnormalities and low motility of sperm.

    Three major causes of female infertility are -

    Problems with ovulation

    Structural problems

    unexplained infertility

    The most common cause has to do with ovulation. Female fertility decreases with age. Because of changing hormones decreasing number of eggs and eating disorders stress can all play a role in anovulation, meaning eggs are not released every month during ovulation.

    Structural problems - are problems in the structure of fallopian tubes or uterus which causes difficulty in transporting of eggs and sperm. Some women are born with structural problems like an abnormally shaped uterus.Some may have fibroids which are benign masses growing in the wall of the uterus.this can affect the ability of the embryo to implant. Damage can also occur due to previous infections surgeries which can cause the walls to adhere and scar the tubes.

     

  • Waht is intra-uterine-insemination?

    Intrauterine insemination is done when either the man suffers from premature ejaculation or women has problems with cervix which prevents the sperm from meeting the egg. during intrauterine insemination, a thin catheter is used to introduce the sperm directly into the vagina. this has to be timed to be done during ovulation. The process is fairly painless and takes a few minutes. If a woman is considered a potential candidate for insemination, she is asked to take fertility pills for some time, so it helps in the process of ovulation that is to make sure that eggs are released during ovulation and so the chances are getting pregnant are higher.

  • I am in 38 weeks of pregnancy. will I be able to recognize labour pains?

    Yes, you will be able to recognize labor pains. Early Contractions occurs in waves, It occurs for 30 to 45 secs and is much less intense occurring every 5 to mins, but as time progresses, contractions get stronger, along with lower back pain and cramping that doesn’t go away, you may see reddish or brownish mucuous discharge. 

  • How long does labour last?

    The first stage of labor occurs for 12 to 19 hrs. It starts when the baby settles lower into your pelvis. The next stage or stage 2  of labor usually lasts from 20 mins to 2 hrs, your cervix would have already dilated to 10 cms and the baby is in the birth canal, You could have contractions lasting for 60 to 90 secs and are usually 5 mins apart. The last stage or third stage of labor usually takes half an hour to 45 mins when the placenta is delivered.

  • Waht is episiotomy?

    In a normal delivery, your baby’s head will rotate to face your back, when the top of your baby’s head appears near the vaginal opening, your doctor may make a small cut to facilitate delivery and enlarge the vaginal opening. This is called Episiotomy. They will stitch up this cut after delivery.

  • What is C-section and why is it done?

    Cesarean section can be a planned surgery or sometimes it could be an emergency C-section. Planned C-section is usually when the woman knows in advance that she will be having a C-section because of reasons relating to

    - her medical condition like high blood pressure, diabetes

    - this pregnancy like having twins or multiple pregnancies or breech presentation, or a large baby.

    her body structure like a small pelvis and a big baby ( Cephalon-Pelvic disproportion)
    an infection that complicates pregnancy, such as HIV or herpes
    problems with the placenta during her pregnancy.

  • If I had a previous C-section, Will my next pregnancy also end up in C-section?

    Some woman are apprehensive that, once they have a C-section, than their next pregnancy could also end up with C-section. So they want to try for a vaginal delivery for their second pregnancy. This is called VBAC (vaginal birth after C-section). Talk to your doctor about it. If you choose VBAC, you will be closely monitored and if there is any distress during labor either for you or the baby, the doctor may decide for an emergency C-section. One of the risks for VBAC is that the scar from previous surgery could come apart during labor. This is a very rare occurrence and could be serious for both the mother and baby.

  • Waht is post partum care or post natal care?

    Postpartum care or care after delivery is most important in regaining your strength back. Post delivery, the mother should spend her time mostly on taking care of herself and her baby, while she gets help from her mother, spouse friends to take care of everything else for her. This is the time for her to recuperate. Her body has gone through enormous changes during pregnancy, both physically and emotionally. There have been changes in the levels of hormones, her blood volume, and her entire body system.  Giving some time off from daily chores and taking rest, gives the body time to get its old energy and vigor back.

  • Why is post partum care important?

    The post-partum period is usually six to eight weeks from the day of your delivery. This period is considered as a highly sensitive period a great emphasis is placed on encouraging fast healing, boosting immunity, and improving the production of milk.

  • What are the some of the danger signs you need to look for post delivery?

    Some of the warning signs and symptoms you need to watch for in the first few days after delivery are - 

    Sudden and heavy blood loss
    Light headed and dizzy
    Fever, shivering abdominal pain and smelly white discharge.
    This may be  a sign of infection
    Headaches associated with visual disturbances and vomiting
    shortness of breath or chest pain

  • Post Partum food

    Whether you have undergone normal delivery or C-section, Continue eating a well-balanced diet that includes high proteins, vitamins, carbohydrates, and iron, as you were taking during pregnancy. Avoid fried foods, cold drinks, and sweets. Almonds dry fruits and regular fruits Vitamin C rich food are very important. Please make sure you drink enough water, especially if you are breastfeeding. Make it a habit to drink at least a glass of water everytime feed the baby.

  • How many times should I breast feed my baby?

    Breastfed- babies will feed 8 to 12 times in 24 hours minimum of 8 feedings to maintain good health.

    After first weeks, the babies may be breastfed on demand, some may have more feedings due to growth spurt. These growth spurts may happen at 10 days, 3 weeks, 6 weeks, 3 months, 6 months. Milk supply - increases with greater frequency of feeding and greater duration of feeding. The more you nurse the more your milk supply increases. Milk supply increases with maternal rest and relaxation.

  • Will breast feeding make my breast sag?

    Throughout your life -- and especially during pregnancy and breastfeeding -- the size and shape of your breasts can change. Breast size is determined by how much fatty tissue there is. Making milk creates denser tissue in your breasts. After breastfeeding, both the fatty tissue and connective tissue in your breasts may shift.When you're nursing, the flow of milk can stretch your breast skin and tissue. That leaves some women with an "empty" or "stretched out" look to their breasts when the milk-producing structures shrink to the size they were before you got pregnant.So it not breast feeding but to some extent pregnancy which can make the breast sag.

  • They say, you lose weight if you breastfeed. Is it true?


    Breastfeeding will help you lose weight - You do burn 300 to 400 calories a day by breastfeeding but you also tend to get more hungry while breastfeeding, so you need to watch your diet. Whether breastfeeding can actually help you lose weight is still not entirely proven -- some studies find that breastfeeding exclusively can help you return to your pre-baby weight faster, while others find no difference in weight loss between women who breastfeed and those who bottle feed. What is for sure is that breastfeeding is good for your baby, boosting immunity and providing a number of other important health benefits.

  • Does breast feeding hurt me?

    Initial days for some women it may hurt, but it is temporary and will go away. Feed the baby every 1.5 hrs to 3 hours during the day especially in the first few days.

    Night feeding  - It is normal for babies to wake up in the night for feeding, every baby is different, some babies may sleep longer, while others may wake up.

    It is not necessary to wake the baby in the night unless your breasts are full and you are feeling uncomfortable. But keep in mind that there should not be more than 5-hour interval at night.

    How often to nurse -

    Nurse your baby - when you see signs of hunger

    Like lip-smacking, sucking hands while being held.

    crying is a late sign of hunger.

    Watching signs of hunger will make your breastfeeding time happier. the baby may get irritated if you wait till he/she cries and breastfeeding session may get unhappy.

  • Why does my breast hurt and get sore if i dont feed the baby every couple of hours?

    During the daytime, the breast can get full, if you don't feed your baby for more then 3 hours. If you get uncomfortable, use a warm compress or do some breast massage.


    Nipple care can reduce soreness in the breast. Improper positioning is the main cause of soreness of the nipple. With clean hands use some expressed breast milk after feeding around the nipple and areola. this will help in the healing of the soreness and make the nipple supple. Avoid using soaps, creams etc.

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